Almost every essay on any subject – from weekly assignment writing, to writing an undergraduate or masters dissertation, or even a thesis – has one thing in common: it will revolve around an argument.
Whether you are driving home a specific theory, considering an issue from all angles or debating a double-sided problem, an argument should emerge to give structure and direction to your essay format.
As we explain in this post about essay structure, the structure of your essay is an essential component in conveying your ideas well, and therefore in writing a great essay.
Use the format of your essay to punctuate and clarify your argument. Use a concise introduction to your academic essay to set out key points in your argument and very clearly show what the shape of the essay will look like. Where appropriate, use separate sections for each new topic (not forgetting headings or chapters to define the sections – particularly relevant for dissertation writing). Start each new idea or opinion with a new paragraph, especially important if you are considering different sides of an issue. Allow your structure to clarify the flow of your argument – set out the most important or pertinent points first, followed by further details, and reserving more unusual ideas or final thoughts for later on. Any academic essay needs a strong conclusion to remind your reader what your argument has been and show clearly how you have used the different threads of your essay argument to reach an inevitable final conclusion.
However, there are times you’ll be asked to write an essay that is specifically an argumentative piece.
An argumentative essay is one that makes a clear assertion or argument about some topic or issue.Argumentative essays are a common assignment given by educators and are an exciting opportunity for you to practice the valuable skill of persuasion.Argumentative essays are, at their core, pieces of writing that aim to convince the reader of the writer’s own opinion.For the provided example, the writer may choose to cite health studies or scientific papers related to the effects of tobacco products on peoples’ health.Counterarguments: The most effective argumentative essays display the counterargument, or the opposite argument from the author’s own point of view.Whilst you may feel that acknowledging views opposing yours will weaken your argument, the opposite is in fact true.Your essay will look stronger if you can show you have come to the conclusions you have chosen despite considering objections to your opinion.After stating the counterarguments, a persuasive writer would state why that counterargument is false or ineffective, using further evidence.To construct an effective argumentative essay, you need to follow several important steps.An argument is a statement that you make to persuade your readers to agree with your opinion.This will usually be in the form of a paragraph, or several paragraphs, depending on the length of your essay and the importance of the point you are making.