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The use of organized mathematics in Egypt has been dated back to the third millennium BC.
Three theories from mathematics were found to have been used in building the Great Pyramid.
The first theory states that four equilateral triangles were placed together to build the pyramidal surface.
Multiplication was based on successive doublings, and division was based on the inverse of this process (Berggren).
The original of the oldest elaborate manuscript on mathematics was written in Egypt about 1825 BC. The Ahmes manuscript was not written to be a textbook, but for use as a practical handbook.
The Egyptian calendar was introduced about 4241 BC.
Their year consisted of 12 months of 30 days each with 5 festival days at the end of the year.
Using this system, they were able to solve all problems of arithmetic that involved fractions, as well as some elementary problems in algebra (Berggren).
The science of mathematics was further advanced in Egypt in the fourth millennium BC than it was anywhere else in the world at this time.
For example, the number 365 would be represented by the symbol for 1 written five times, the symbol for 10 written six times, and the symbol for 100 written three times.
Addition was done by totaling separately the units-1s, 10s, 100s, and so forth-in the numbers to be added.