They will often specifically use the phrase “rhetorical strategy,” although sometimes you will be able to identify them instead through the answer choices, which offer different rhetorical strategies as possibilities.
Example: Some questions will ask you about stylistic moments in the text and the effect created by the those stylistic choices.
Example: Still other questions will ask you to identify what purpose a particular part of the text serves in the author’s larger argument.
What is the author trying to accomplish with the particular moment in the text identified in the question?
Example: Some questions will ask you to describe the relationship between two parts of the text, whether they are paragraphs or specific lines.
You can identify these because they will usually explicitly ask about the relationship between two identified parts of the text, although sometimes they will instead ask about a relationship implicitly, by saying something like “compared to the rest of the passage.” Example: These questions will ask you about the deeper meaning or implication of figurative language or imagery that is used in the text.
Essentially, why did the author choose to use this simile or this metaphor? You can generally identify questions like this because the question will specifically reference a moment of figurative language in the text.
However, it might not be immediately apparent that the phrase being referenced is figurative, so you may need to go back and look at it in the passage to be sure of what kind of question you are facing.
What is the author evoking through their stylistic choices?
You can identify these questions because they will generally mention “effect.” Example: The free response section has a 15-minute reading period.