Template users may manually type their citations in the pre-formatted Reference section, or delete the field and replace it with Microsoft Word's Insert Bibliography feature, found under the References tab.Your reference list is a crucial part of your dissertation or thesis as it allows your readers to locate and retrieve your cited sources.Like the rest of your manuscript, it should be double-spaced.
Note that the word “References” should not be bolded, underlined, italicized, or placed in quotation marks.
Your references should be organized alphabetically by each author’s last name.
Materials originally published prior to the Internet, but now available online, may not have a DOI.
Use this DOI Flow Chart created by APA to help you decide what information you need to include if you cannot find a DOI. Published weekly, various experts examine "what APA Style is and how it works in a variety of areas, including reference citations of every sort, grammar and usage, the publication process, and social media" APA style is the editorial style created by the American Psychological Association that many of the social and behavioral sciences have adopted to present written material in the field.
The most common types of sources include academic journal articles (which are often retrieved online), books, and individual chapters or articles within an edited book.
Below are some examples of how to reference these common source types.
This guide is based on the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) that was published in 2009.
This manual and selections from it are available in the Library; click the links below to view them in our catalogue.
Many scholarly publishers now assign an alpha-numeric code called a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) to journal articles and other documents.
APA guidelines for citing electronic resources include this number in the citation whenever possible.