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Example: When weighing the costs of college with the benefits of getting a degree, it is important to note that “the rate of return on investment in higher education is high enough to warrant the financial burden associated with pursuing a college degree” (Porter 464).Notice that it's clear within this sentence that I'm referring to a person’s belief or conclusion, but since this person's name does not appear at the beginning of the sentence, I have placed her name and the page number where I retrieved this information in parentheses at the end of the sentence.A colon precedes when a quotation is formally introduced or when the quotation itself is a complete sentence, but either no punctuation or a comma generally precedes when the quotation serves as an integral part of the sentence.
There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper.
You may quote, you may paraphrase, or you may summarize.
Take a look at these examples: The original passage from : “Whatever your age, health and well-being can affect your ability to do well in college.
If you don’t eat sensibly, stay physically fit, manage your stress, and avoid harmful substances, then your health and your grades will suffer” (Kanar 158).
(1) For a quotation shorter than four lines, quotation marks are used and the page numbers fall inside the ending punctuation. Shannon Marcus: "Many of our student's personal decisions will have the inherent dangers of instant gratification, and so will their political decisions," (548).
A quotation is usually introduced by a comma or a colon.When a quotation is indented, the use of quotation marks is not necessary, and the page number is included outside the ending punctuation.Example: Jordan stated: Like many people who enjoy a leisurely pace of living with such attendant activities as reading, painting, or gardening, I often long for a simpler time, a time when families amused themselves by telling stories after supper, as opposed to watching Baghdad get bombed.All three require an in-text (parenthetical) citation.You cannot use information from any website or published book unless you give the author (or site) credit both inside your text and at the end of your paper.How to Write an Effective Summary: Cover up the original article.It is key that you not quote from the original work.Summarize an article or a larger section of an article whenever you simply want to present the author's general ideas in your essay.Summaries are most often used to condense larger texts into more manageable chucks.If you need help incorporating your sources into your essay, the first thing you'll need to remember is that quotes cannot stand alone—they can't be placed in a sentence all by themselves.You need to make each quote a part of your essay by introducing it beforehand and commenting on it afterward.