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In the series as a whole, you learn how to analyze and evaluate arguments and how to avoid common mistakes in reasoning.These important skills will be useful to you in deciding what to believe and what to do in all areas of your life. Politicians, salespeople, and children commonly use fallacies in order to get us to think what they want us to think.Sometimes, arguments make no progress because the conclusion is presupposed by the premises.
It also clarifies some peculiarities you may find with this course.
We encourage you to watch the "Introduction to the Course" video first as it will help you learn more from the materials that come later.
This course is the fourth in a series of four courses jointly titled Think Again: How to Reason and Argue.
We are excited that you are taking this course, and we hope that you will take all four courses in the series, because there is a great deal of important material to learn.
LEARNING OUTCOMES : By the end of this week's material you will be able to: define what a fallacy is distinguish various kinds of fallacies understand the linguistic phenomena that give rise to fallacies identify various kinds of slippery slop fallacies where they occur identify various kinds of fallacies of equivocation where they occur OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of the fallacies that result from vaguness or ambiguity, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapters 13-14.
CONTENT: This week describes two of the most common fallacies that people make: ad hominem fallacies and appeals to authority.
The university has a strong commitment to applying knowledge in service to society, both near its North Carolina campus and around the world.
The list of fallacies below contains 227 names of the most common fallacies, and it provides brief explanations and examples of each of them.
CONTENT: In this week's material we will describes two phenomena that are both common and useful in the languages that human beings speak, but both of which give rise to the potential for fallacious reasoning.
A word or phrase is vague when its meaning is not precise, and it is ambiguous when it has more than one meaning.