Behaviour Groups Essay

Behaviour Groups Essay-13
This refers to instances where a person may agree in public with a group of people but the person actually privately disagrees with the group’s viewpoint or behavior.

This refers to instances where a person may agree in public with a group of people but the person actually privately disagrees with the group’s viewpoint or behavior.The individual changes their views, but it is a temporary change.Another example of the agenetic state involved a variation of Milgram's study whereby participants could instruct an assistant (confederate) to press the switches.

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However, there still be no changed to internal personal opinion. The desire to be liked – when we conform to fit in with the group because we don’t want to appear foolish or be left out.

For example a person may feel pressurised to smoke because the rest of their friends are. The desire to be right – when we conform because we are unsure of the situation or lack knowledge, so we look to others who we believe may have more information than us. An example of this is if someone was to go to a posh restaurant for the first time, they may be confronted with several forks and not know which one to use, so they might look to a near by person to see what fork to use first.

Each participant had to make an individual estimate, and then do the same as a group.

He found that when the task was carried out in a social group, the participants would report estimates of roughly the same value (even though they had previously reported quite different estimates as individuals).

In each group there was only one true participant the remaining 6 were confederates.

The confederates were told to give the incorrect answer on 12 out of 18 trails.The study was successful in showing majority influence, thus proving that individuals' behavior and beliefs can be influenced by a group.Additionally this is likely to be an example of informational social influence as participants would be uncertain about the actual number of beans in the jar.The high status of the university gave the study credibility and respect in the eyes of the participants, thus making them more likely to obey.When Milgram moved his experiment to a set of run down offices rather than the impressive Yale University obedience dropped to 47.5%.For example a person may laugh at a joke because their group of friends find it funny but deep down the person does not find the joke funny. Publicly changing behavior to fit in with the group while also agreeing with them privately.An internal (private) and external (public) change of behavior.Results: True participants conformed on 32% of the critical trials where confederates gave the wrong answers.Additionally 75% of the sample conformed to the majority on at least one trial.The uniform of the authority figure can give them status.Milgram's obedience experiment was conducted at Yale, a prestigious university in America.


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