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In a world where the society prides itself in engaging with people from all over the world and shunning discrimination, it is unfathomable that bullying continues in primary schools.Australia is a developed country where the best learning models are adopted by the school systems adopted in these countries.
However, there are numerous cases of bullying in primary schools that leads to questions on the reasons and contributors of the problem in the society.
This research paper assesses different aspects of bullying and uses different theoretical models to highlight and develop an understanding of the problem in schools.
Bronfenbrenner model supports Vygostky’s model in noting that the individual behaviours are informed by the socio-ecological models that are present within a specific setting.
These are mainly developed through the individual traits that are identified in the social, political, economic and the environmental attributes that are divided into different ecological models.
The behaviour has to be repeated and habitual and is motivated by different individual attributes and models that are essential towards overseeing change in the systems.
There are different forms of bullying with the behaviours including but not limited to: verbal abuse, intimidation, blackmail, physical coercion, harassment and threats.It is an important aspect that leads to problems in the systems and critical aspects that are essential for change in the system accordingly.There are different forms of bullying that range from individual one on one bullying to mobbing by a large number of people.The question on every parent’s mind is, Why are do some children bully others?It is an important question that is critically evaluated and has been present in the society for years to date.One of the theories that are used to explain this behaviour is Skinner behaviourist theory that notes behaviour to be influenced by the form of reinforcement.Skinner noted that the reward or punishment was the main attributes that led to formation of behaviour and the cognitive attributes were not critical in formation of character or behaviour.In the world the main distinctions that lead to bullying are mainly as a result of differences in race, class, sexual orientation, language, size, reputation and ability of an individual towards others (Mundy et al, 2017).In schools the behaviour is mainly cultivated by the social attributes and peer pressure that inform the behavioural models that are adopted by individuals.Bullying can therefore, be described under different theories that can be used to arrest the condition and eradicate the problem especially among children in the society.Bullying hinders learning and development; it is pertinent to ensure that the best models are adopted towards creating a proper process of control and critical methods of change in the systems accordingly.