Slavery in new territories and states became a particularly heated debate and created further tension between the North and South.Tags: Online Essay Competitions 2014Homework For StudentsResearch Paper On Law EnforcementFormat Of Review Of LiteratureWrite An Essay On Importance Of English In Business Communication In The Era Of GlobalizationCover Page For EssayHard Work EssayCover Letter Software Engineer InternJean Chretien Essay
Several battles had already taken place--near Manassas Junction in Virginia, in the mountains of western Virginia where Union victories paved the way for creation of the new state of West Virginia, at Wilson's Creek in Missouri, at Cape Hatteras in North Carolina, and at Port Royal in South Carolina where the Union navy established a base for a blockade to shut off the Confederacy's access to the outside world. Huge battles like Shiloh in Tennessee, Gaines' Mill, Second Manassas, and Fredericksburg in Virginia, and Antietam in Maryland foreshadowed even bigger campaigns and battles in subsequent years, from Gettysburg in Pennsylvania to Vicksburg on the Mississippi to Chickamauga and Atlanta in Georgia.
By 1864 the original Northern goal of a limited war to restore the Union had given way to a new strategy of "total war" to destroy the Old South and its basic institution of slavery and to give the restored Union a "new birth of freedom," as President Lincoln put it in his address at Gettysburg to dedicate a cemetery for Union soldiers killed in the battle there. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia staved off invasions and attacks by the Union Army of the Potomac commanded by a series of ineffective generals until Ulysses S.
The incoming Lincoln administration and most of the Northern people refused to recognize the legitimacy of secession.
They feared that it would discredit democracy and create a fatal precedent that would eventually fragment the no-longer United States into several small, squabbling countries.
By the spring of 1865 all the principal Confederate armies surrendered, and when Union cavalry captured the fleeing Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Georgia on May 10, 1865, resistance collapsed and the war ended.
The long, painful process of rebuilding a united nation free of slavery began.In the meantime Union armies and river fleets in the theater of war comprising the slave states west of the Appalachian Mountain chain won a long series of victories over Confederate armies commanded by hapless or unlucky Confederate generals.In 1864-1865 General William Tecumseh Sherman led his army deep into the Confederate heartland of Georgia and South Carolina, destroying their economic infrastructure while General George Thomas virtually destroyed the Confederacy's Army of Tennessee at the battle of Nashville.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.The Civil War is the central event in America's historical consciousness.While the Revolution of 1776-1783 created the United States, the Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation it would be.Union forces were often called 'Yankees' or 'Yanks,' while Confederates were known as 'Rebels.' The Union had more men and was better equipped than the CSA, but the CSA had brilliant generals and officers. The Civil War made Abraham Lincoln an American icon and ultimately resulted in his assassination in 1865. The Southern economy was agrarian and relied heavily on enslaved Africans, whereas the Northern economy was industrial.A host of brilliant military leaders took part in the Civil War, such as Robert E. The Civil War shaped the political direction of the United States and determined the economic, social, and moral policies of the country for decades. Abolitionism, the belief that slavery should be made illegal, was strong throughout the North.Let's begin by looking at the causes of the Civil War. We can think of sectionalism as a particular region uniting in opposition against another. So basically think of it this way: the North was anti-slavery, and the South was pro-slavery.The South felt threatened by the possibility of abolition.