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Across most discourses communities, writers will: Each of theses above are constructed differently depending on the discourse community the writer is in.
We may broadly agree that basic errors of grammar and mechanics must be avoided.
We may part ways, however, on whether a particular usage is incorrect.
A quote from Kenneth Burke encapsulates this metaphor: Imagine that you enter a parlor. When you arrive, others have long preceded you, and they are engaged in a heated discussion, a discussion too heated for them to pause and tell you exactly what it is about.
In fact the discussion had already begun long before any of them got there, so that no one present is qualified to retrace for you all the steps that had gone before.
This is why gathering background information and having past knowledge is so important in academic writing.
Characteristics Of Academic Essay Writing
A common metaphor used to describe academic writing is "entering the conversation", a conversation that began long before you got there and will continue long after you leave.
Intertextuality is the combining of past writings into original, new pieces of text.
Usually attributed to Julia Kristeva, the concept of intertextuality is helpful for understanding that all texts are necessarily related to prior texts through a network of explicit or implicit links, allusions, repetitions, acknowledged or unacknowledged inspiration, and direct quotations.
"It establishes limits and regularities..may speak, what may be spoken, and how it is to be said; in addition [rules] prescribe what is true and false, what is reasonable and what foolish, and what is meant and what not." The concept of a discourse community is vital to academic writers across nearly all disciplines, for the academic writer's purpose is to influence their community to think differently.
For this reason the academic writer must follow the constraints set by the community so his or her ideas earn approval and respect.