Child Poverty Essay Introduction

Child Poverty Essay Introduction-30
Absolute poverty thresholds are fixed and generally only updated for price changes, whereas relative poverty thresholds are developed with reference to the actual income of the population and reflect changes in consumption.

Absolute poverty thresholds are fixed and generally only updated for price changes, whereas relative poverty thresholds are developed with reference to the actual income of the population and reflect changes in consumption.

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However, in 2013, child poverty reached record high levels in the United States, with 16.7 million children, more than 20%, living in food insecure households.

47 million Americans depend on food banks, more than 30% above 2007 levels.

Culturally defining the end of childhood is more complex, and takes into account factors such as the commencement of work, end of schooling and marriage as well as class, gender and race.

According to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) "children living in poverty are those who experience deprivation of the material, spiritual and emotional resources needed to stay alive, develop and thrive, leaving them unable to enjoy their rights, achieve their full potential, and participate as full and equal members of society".

In Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia, this number increased to over 80%, with the rural children from these areas the worst affected.

The Young Lives Project is investigating the changing nature of child poverty by following nearly 12,000 children for 15 years in four countries (Ethiopia, Peru, Vietnam and India), chosen to reflect a wide range of cultural, political, geographical and social contexts.The majority of poverty-stricken children are born to poor parents.Therefore, the causes such as adult poverty, government policies, lack of education, unemployment, social services, disabilities and discrimination significantly affect the presence of child poverty.Child poverty refers to the state of children living in poverty.This applies to children that come from poor families or orphans being raised with limited, or in some cases absent, state resources.Children that fail to meet the minimum acceptable standard of the nation where that child lives are said to be poor.In developing countries, these standards are lower and when combined with the increased number of orphans the effects are more extreme while biologically the transition from childhood to adulthood is said to occur with the onset of puberty.A 2003 study conducted by researchers out of Bristol attempted to provide a scientific basis for measuring severe deprivation based on levels of adequate nutrition, safe drinking water, decent sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education, and information.Measurable values were attributed to each indicator and these were used to establish how many children were living in poverty.Therefore, the definition and measurement of poverty in general must extend beyond measurements like per capita GDP, which tools such as the Human Development Index attempt to accomplish.In light of this, a UK initiative, Save the Children, has also developed a measurement of child poverty based on measures of capability, called the Child Development Index (CDI).

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