On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually.
Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’.
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Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834.
Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires.The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times.They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength.Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens.After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE.Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions.The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’.After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state.Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE.Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons.The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees.