Obviously, if they were not following the Old Testament, they were not being godly and thus were not following the true religion!
In the first century, however, there was a division among those who followed the Old Testament: those of the Way (i.e., Christianity—e.g., Acts , ) who followed Christ as the Jewish Messiah and all the implications thereof, and those who did not follow Jesus and were finally organized into the Jewish religion of Judaism, based on traditions as opposed to finding true freedom in the Messiah.
Further conflicts arose due to strife between two more brothers, the sons of Isaac—Jacob (Israel) and Esau (father of the Edomites). Needless to say, there have been problems brewing in the Middle East for ages. 600s), some local Jews were familiar with the supposed prophet in Arabia, and some thought that he might be the long-awaited Messiah.1 Muhammad, favoring this idea, raised his hopes of being the Jewish Messiah and had many favorable things to say about the Jews (and Christians) in his dictated Koran.
But why are the issues between Jews and Muslims so vicious today? I suggest there was a culminating event that has triggered much of this aggression. In time, however, the Jews realized that Muhammad did not fit the prophecies of the Messiah.
There was the brotherly feud between Isaac (father of the Israelites and Edomites) and Ishmael (father of many Arabs), the two eldest of eight sons of Abraham whose progeny now dominates much of the Middle East (1 Chronicles ).
Abraham was also involved in a war where there were four kings against five in the Middle East (Genesis 14:7–16).
Have you ever wondered why there is so much strife between Jews and Muslims in the Middle East (and abroad)?
The truth is, the Middle East has rarely been stable since the events that occurred at the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11.
It also contains two parts, a Mishnah and Gemara, but is shorter overall than the Babylonian Talmud.
The Talmud is made up of the traditions that were often spoken of in the New Testament (e.g., Matthew 15:3; Colossians 2:8; etc.).