This is usually classified as imprisonment for failure to pay the fine, not imprisonment for failure to vote.4.
Infringements of civil rights or disenfranchisement. It is for example possible that the non-voter, after not voting in at least four elections within 15 years will be disenfranchised in Belgium.
Can a country be considered to practice compulsory voting if the mandatory voting laws are ignored and irrelevant to the voting habits of the electorate?
Is a country practicing compulsory voting if there are no penalties for not voting?
Other possible reasons for not enforcing the laws could be complexity and resources required for enforcement.
Countries with limited budgets may not place the enforcement of mandatory voting laws as a high priority still they hope that the presence of the law will encourage the citizens to participate.Most democratic governments consider participating in national elections a right of citizenship.Some consider that participation at elections is also a citizen's civic responsibility.It has been proved that forcing the population to vote results in an increased number of invalid and blank votes compared to countries that have no compulsory voting laws.Another consequence of mandatory voting is the possible high number of "random votes".This spectrum implies that some countries formally have compulsory voting laws but do not, and have no intention to, enforce them. Mandatory voting laws that do not include sanctions may fall into this category.Although a government may not enforce mandatory voting laws or even have formal sanctions in law for failing to vote, the law may have some effect upon the citizens.Fee applies only if the voter does not have valid reason for not voting. This can also happen in countries such as Australia where a fine sanction is common.The non-voter is also disqualified from being a candidate at any subsequent Presidential or Parliamentary election. In cases where the non-voter does not pay the fines after being reminded or after refusing several times, the courts may impose a prison sentence.Lastly, if democracy is government by the people, presumably this includes all people, then it is every citizen's responsibility to elect their representatives.The leading argument against compulsory voting is that it is not consistent with the freedom associated with democracy.