In activities where students are synthesizing information, such as in a reading or science activity, teachers should be asking them to create or invent new ideas or to compare and contrast what they are seeing.
“What if” questions such as “What if you were a character in the story?
The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking defines the skill of critical thinking as the “intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.” In real world terms, critical thinkers are active learners.
They are people who constantly question what they see or hear, and who want to know what details lay beneath the surface.
The open-ended questioning model can be used to help facilitate discussion and thinking, but the types of questions will ultimately guide the learning activities.
When students are analyzing a story or problem, teachers should urge children to look at differences, explain what they are seeing and compare two like or unlike things.Any activities involving these critical thinking skills should be based on fun and the natural inquisitive nature of children.Games or writing activities involving questioning are techniques to get children engaged. Students work together to record their answers. and Think Dots My number has nine digits It is evenly divisible by 100The value of one of the digits is 700,000The digit in the millions place is both even and prime The digit in the hundreds place is the temperature at which water freezes The digit in the ten millions place is triple the number in the millions place The digit in the thousands place is the number of fluid ounces in a cup The digit in the hundred millions place is a special number because it is a factor of every number. Students roll die to determine which 3 activities to complete.3.” help students work through synthesizing problems.When evaluating, students should be asked to judge or decide if something is right or wrong, correct or incorrect.Showing how a skill transfers to real world situations also enhances a student’s ability to think critically.A student might be more motivated to learn, for example, if his lesson relates to coins in his piggy bank.John Zaphyr is a marketing and sales manager with the Oncology Nursing Society.He has written professionally since1999 and also has editing credits with Friedlander Publishing Group.