Moreover, many people who were accused of being witches confessed to being witches because they were scared of death.
For Williams this is a dramatic device that enables the playwright to explore the evil forces in Salem society let loose by the revelation of witchcraft. We see the greed of Thomas Putnam; the quest for revenge on those who have wronged them, carried out by Martha Corey and Abigail Williams; Ann Putnam's jealousy of the fertile Rebecca Nurse and Abigail's jealousy of Elizabeth Proctor; the ambition of Hale and Parris, both of whom seek public approval; the fear of punishment that initially motivates Abigail and the other girls; then the revelling in power they display during the trial.She believed that if his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, was out of the way, Abigail and John would be together again.Therefore, she told everyone that Elizabeth's spirit was trying to kill her and accused Elizabeth of being a witch.They are looking in the wrong place, chasing the wrong symptoms, prosecuting the supposedly wicked and leaving the genuinely bad untouched.The false model of evil is something defined by a set of external rules- not going to church regularly, not knowing the commandments, cursing and living out of wedlock.Within a blink of an eye, the entire village is controlled by a devil that exists within the fear of each person.A drama of suspense and impact, Arthur Miller's The Crucible, explores through the individuals' vengeance, fear, reputation, and quest for power. The people of the town of Salem were not united, but instead, distrusted and disliked each other.Miller's compassionate humanism does not give him a soft-edged view of evil.On the contrary, he has asserted that the real judges of the salem trial were undeniably bad and he is glad they come across that way. Indeed there is great danger in overconfident moral certitude.Fear also played an important role in The Crucible.The girls were afraid of being accused as witches themselves, so they started accusing other people in the town of being witches.