Democracy In Nepal Essay

But after the VIPs left, the monument did not open to the public as planned.Like many state construction projects, it has faced repeated delays since it began in 2012, and workers are now completing finishing touches and removing scaffolding.

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“Look here, at first it was the Ranas who lived off the people, then it was the monarchy; later it was Congress, then the Communists,” he says, referring to Nepal’s various pre-democratic and democratic regimes. Pessimism about the state of Nepal’s politics is common these days, despite the fact that the country has experienced significant changes since the declaration of the republic in 2008.

“Political change may mean something to the leaders, but it hasn’t made a difference for us common people.”Enjoying this article? At that time, an alliance of civil society leaders, democratic political parties, and ex-rebel Maoists had just finished leading a popular protest movement that overthrew Nepal’s King, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev.

Federal governance was seen not only as a way to ensure greater local accountability for office holders, but also as way to give ethnic minorities control over government in local constituencies where they formed a majority of the population.

The Constitution of 2015 met some, but not all, of these demands.

This system has been criticized for tokenism because it allows the party leaders to overrule seat holders’ dissenting opinions.

An affirmative-action system was created for the civil service, but the government has recently sought to roll it back.

Federalism and Secularism During their insurgency, the Maoists pushed for the creation of a federal state structure to decentralize power from Kathmandu.

Later, in 2007-08, Madhesis – a historically marginalized group from the southern Terai region – also led protests in favor of federalism.

It created seven new provinces and several hundred local government constituencies.

However, most of the provinces were delineated based on geographical rather than ethnic boundaries.

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