(Again maize, rice, and large-seeded varieties of sorghum are dismissed, along with grains that have smaller seeds but are also used in various places as staples.) Diamond concedes that very old dates have been obtained for agricultural origins in China and tropical New Guinea: respectively 75 BC, as against 8500 BC for the Fertile Crescent.
Apparently because the Chinese center does not enjoy a Mediterranean climate, and the New Guinea center is tropical, neither (he argues) would be as old as the Fertile Crescent.
Your access to the NCBI website at gov has been temporarily blocked due to a possible misuse/abuse situation involving your site.
The final outcome of these environmentally caused processes is the rise and dominance of Europe. Almost all of history after the Ice Ages happened in the temperate midlatitudes of Eurasia.
The natural environment of this large region is better for human progress than are the tropical environments of the world, and the other temperate (or midlatitude) regions -- South Africa, Australia, and midlatitude North and South America -- could not be central for human progress because they are much smaller than Eurasia and are isolated from it and from each other. The most important of these "ultimate" factors are the natural conditions that led to the rise of food production.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, for more efficient work such that your work does not impact the ability of other researchers to also use our site.Rice is simply declared to have been domesticated in midlatitude China, not tropical Asia. The agricultural revolution occurred in the Fertile Crescent earlier than in China because the former has a Mediterranean climate.This proposition stands unsupported except for a very thin argument: Mediterranean climate, says diamond, favored the evolution of large-seeded grains.To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected] AND EUROCENTRISM: A REVIEW ESSAY J. BLAUT "Environment molds history," says Jared Diamond in _Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies_ (p. Everything important that has happened to humans since the Paleolithic is due to environmental influences.Why would one expect the origins and early development of agriculture to take place in the midlatitude belt of Eurasia?Diamond notes, correctly, that there are thought to have been several more or less independent centers of origin, and only two lie in the temperate belt of Eurasia: China and the Near East (his "Fertile Crescent").More precisely: all of the important differences between human societies, all of the differences that led some societies to prosper and progress and others to fail, are due to the nature of each society's local environment and to its geographical location.History as a whole reflects these environmental differences and forces.