In less than a century, from 1625 to 1700, the movements of peoples and goods from Europe to North America transformed the continent.Native Americans either resisted or accommodated the newcomers depending on the region of the colony.The early American Colonial era encompasses the period between the establishment of the first English colony in North America in 1607 and the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
Though the English colonies were by far the most populous, within the English colonies, four distinct regions emerged.
While planters or merchants grew in power in each English colony, Spanish colonists, with far fewer colonists, depended more on friendly relations with Native Americans to secure their The English had a much larger population in their colonies than the Spanish, in fact, in 1700; there was a total population of 250,000 in the English colonies compared to 4,500 in the Spanish.
However, after a number of years the Pilgrims felt that their children were being corrupted by the liberal Dutch lifestyle and were losing their English heritage.
News of the English Colony in Virginia motivated them to leave Holland and settle in the New World.
Also, social rank was of great importance in England. Land Enclosures had done just that sending farmers in search of a new life.
Some hoped to go past their branded social status and star anew and to “create” a new image. Departing to go to the “New World” was quite risky but why would you not leave if you had nothing to lose? The law of primogeniture added to this idea as well.Potential essay topics regarding the period's politics are the colonial wars fought between the French and British, the reasons behind England's ultimate winning of control over North America, the political measures the British took in order to rule the continent effectively and comparisons between the political views of the settlers and indigenous peoples, or between the views of different settlements and regions.Many religious settlers saw North America as a haven from persecution and other problems they encountered in the places of their birth.The Spanish too had similar ways of acquiring cheap labor services by establishing the Encomienda system.This system, unlike the English, exploited the Indians for personal profits rather than slaves imported from Africa.As English colonies, particularly in the south, focused on establishing an agrarian society; the Spanish did not focus as much on maintaining an agriculture based society.In marked contrast to England’s compact, densely populated settlements on the Atlantic, Spain established far-flung inland networks of fortified trading posts and missions.Unlike the English, they were unable to attract large numbers of colonists, and thus enlisted Native Americans as trading partners and military allies.The Catholic nation had far greater success in converting natives to Christianity than their Protestant counterpart.This was therefore a rich period of history with plenty of scope for different types of essay topics.By moving to a new land, the settlers had to adjust to a completely different topography, while also affecting it by planting their new settlements.