Critics of Ratsmith have cited poor science and questionable methodology when dismissing his results, going so far as to call pumpkinology "rubbish" (de Vil, 2009), "stupid" (Claw, 2010), and "quite possibly made up" (Igthorn, 2009).
Despite these criticisms, there does appear to be a strong correlation between pumpkin patches and rat populations, with Ratsmith documenting numerous pumpkin–rat colonies across North America, leading to the conclusion that pumpkins and rats are indeed "nature's best friends" (2008). Check out MLA Formatting and MLA Style: An Introduction Your instructor has asked you to format your term paper using Modern Language Association (MLA) style.
This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, Ph D.
Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia.
The first step needed is to create a topic sentence.
Your topic sentence should foreshadow the rest of the essay by telling the reader the main idea of your paper.
This is a fine line, as you don't want to give too much away.
Briefly describe your topic without going into any details that will be discussed in your body paragraphs.
 According to Paul Ratsmith, the tenuous, but nonetheless important, relationship between pumpkins and rats is little understood: "While I've always been fascinated by this natural kinship, the connection between pumpkins and rats has been the subject of few, if any, other studies" (2008).
 Ratsmith has been studying this connection, something he coined "pumpkinology," since the early 1990s.