Nearly all countries in the world face the challenge of human trafficking and human smuggling whether as a country of transit, origin or destinations for the victims (Jac-Kucharski, 2012).
Human trafficking and human smuggling have become a global problem of recent.
Human trafficking is a grave human rights violation and a serious crime that revolves around exploitation of people.
Human trafficking can be defined as sex trafficking in the sense that commercial sex activities are forcefully induced, coercion, fraud or rather a state in which the victims who are forcibly persuaded in such acts are below 18-years old (Jakobsson & Kotsadam, 2013).
What are the measures taken by DHS to stop or mitigate both crimes?
Human trafficking and human smuggling are different activities in the United States, and these terms cannot be interchanged.Additionally, there is proper coordination between the ICE and partners at U. Customs and Border Protection for the purpose of ensuring hostile investigations and prosecution of the smuggling cases along the country borders.Moreover, the ICE is targeting all the links that are associated with smuggling activities past the direct smugglers (ICE, 2014).Additionally, it can be defined as harboring, recruiting, transporting, providing or obtaining an individual for hard labor activities forcefully, or through fraud or coercion for objection to involuntary slavery, debt bondage or peonage (Tripp & Mcmahon, 2016).On the other hand, human smuggling revolves around the transportation of people and can be defined as the act of importing individuals into a country through careful avoidance of immigration laws (Jac-Kucharski, 2012).For instance, the ICE is pursuing investigations which are intelligence-driven for the purpose of targeting large-scale human smuggling organizations irrespective of their location of operations (ICE, 2013).There is specifically located emphasis on the smuggling rings that helps in posing the risk of the national security, threaten lives and engage in violence, extortion, hostage-taking, and abuse.The ICE has developed practical initiatives that aim at criticizing the infrastructure that provides support to the smuggling organizations and the assets acquired from the criminal activities.Such activities include snatching vehicles, goods, currency and armaments among others (ICE, 2014).The ICE has many security duty victim’s or witness’s coordinators who cooperate with the NGOs for the purpose of providing victim services (Tripp & Mcmahon, 2016).Moreover, the short-term immigration relief is given to the certified trafficking victims in continued presence status form.