Essay About The Chinese Culture

Essay About The Chinese Culture-11
tyranny is achieved by a whole nation, it is not accomplishment of a single individual"."Deng Xiaoping's rule is more akin to the aimless drift of a dead dog; only its belly, swollen with the windy promises of the "Four Modernizations," still keeps it vaguely afloat."On this subject we should have read Milan Kundera: "When I was a boy, I used to idealize the people who returned from political imprisonment.Then I discovered that most the oppressors were former victims.In other words, an ideal totalitarian system would consist in the utter destruction of civil society, whereas the state and its organizational instruments are the only forms of social life; all kinds of human activity- economical, intellectual, political, cultural- are allowed and ordered (the distinction between what is allowed and what is ordered tending to disappear) only to the extent of being at the service of state goals (again, as defined by the state).

tyranny is achieved by a whole nation, it is not accomplishment of a single individual"."Deng Xiaoping's rule is more akin to the aimless drift of a dead dog; only its belly, swollen with the windy promises of the "Four Modernizations," still keeps it vaguely afloat."On this subject we should have read Milan Kundera: "When I was a boy, I used to idealize the people who returned from political imprisonment.Then I discovered that most the oppressors were former victims.In other words, an ideal totalitarian system would consist in the utter destruction of civil society, whereas the state and its organizational instruments are the only forms of social life; all kinds of human activity- economical, intellectual, political, cultural- are allowed and ordered (the distinction between what is allowed and what is ordered tending to disappear) only to the extent of being at the service of state goals (again, as defined by the state).

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To forbid oneself to make observations, and take only the observations of others in their stead, is relegating to nonuse one's own powers of reasoning, and the even more basic power of perception.

Not observing where it counts most, not knowing where one wants so much to know, all this is most destructive to the functioning of one's personality...

Or again, remember the Tyrant of Chu: in his golden days, as he was leading his victorious armies from one end of the country to the other, he did not say much.

When he began to play the poet and sing lyric laments, his troops were beaten and he knew that his own end was near.""When a man feels the pangs of loneliness, he is able to create.

He confesses that after a few years in the labor camps, he came, if not exactly to love the system that was methodically destroying his personality, at least to feel gratitude for the patience and care with which the authorities were trying to reeducate worthless vermin like himself.

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Along the same lines, Orwell showed premonitory genius in the last sentence of 1984: when Winston Smith realizes that he loves Big Brother, that he has loved Big Brother all along....""Objectivism- the belief that there is an objective truth whose existence is independent of arbitrary dogma and ideology- is thus the cornerstone of intellectual freedom and human dignity, and as such, it is the main stumbling block for totalitarianism.""In a totalitarian system, whenever common sense clashes with dogma, common sense always loses- at tremendous cost to national development and the people's livelihood.""Most thing in the world are achieved by judicious leaving alone.""...But if one gives up observing, reacting, and taking action, one gives up living one's own life.And this is exactly what the SS wanted to happen.""Jean Pasqualini- whose book Prisoner of War is the most fundamental document on Maoist "Gulag" and, as such, is most studiously ignored by the lobby that maintains that there is no human-rights problem in the People's Republic- notes a similar phenomenon.The alliance between the writer and the revolutionary can only be temporary; their ways are bound to part as soon as the latter reaches his objective, which is to establish himself as the new authority.The former revolutionary, once in power, turns against the writer, whose activity now appears to him subversive and intolerable, since the writer remains by definition the permanent critic of all political power.""I take the word "totalitarian" in a commonly used sense, meaning a political system where all social ties have been entirely replaced by state-imposed organization and where, consequently, all groups and all individuals are supposed to act only for goals which both are the goals of the state and were defined as such by the state.This prospect frightens me much more than bombs.""To know only what those in authority allow one to know is, more or less, all the infant can do.To be able to make one's own observations and to draw pertinent conclusions from them is where independent existence begins.God only knows how many credentialed authors or journalists excuse terror these days. They cooperate; the writer denou I would say skip to the "Politics" part. The writer and the revoultionary have a common ground; they are both equally dissatisfied with the present state of affairs, they both refuse the status quo. The whole thing was kind of boring."All that can be spelled out is without importance""...While some of these essays are thirty years out of date and some are bizarre (Leys has a weird grudge against Edward Said), most of these are still interesting. By definition, the writer is a rebel; he disturbs the established order. The whole thing was kind of boring."All that can be spelled out is without importance""...My favorites would be the essays on the missionaries in Tibet, the two on the writer Lu Xun, and the demolitions of authors who are willfully ignorant on, or are useful idiots for, authoritarianism. The writer and the revoultionary have a common ground; they are both equally dissatisfied with the present state of affairs, they both refuse the status quo. By definition, the writer is a rebel; he disturbs the established order.

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