A complex sentence is one where one clause is dependent on the other: In actual fact, in academic writing, sentences will tend to be longer, and the complex-compound sentence will be very common. ‘for a walk’ in ‘the dog ate his food and went for a walk’.
Words can be divided into different classes according to their functions in the sentence. Punctuation indicates the rhythm of speech – the pauses and their significance.
Its correct use will add a lot to your ability to write clearly.
Montaigne's Autobiographical Essays"Although Michel de Montaigne, who fathered the modern essay in the 16th century, wrote autobiographically (like the essayists who claim to be his followers today), his autobiography was always in the service of larger existential discoveries. If he recounted the sauces he had for dinner and the stones that weighted his kidney, it was to find an element of truth that we could put in our pockets and carry away, that he could put in his own pocket.
After all, Philosophy — which is what he thought he practiced in his essays, as had his idols, Seneca and Cicero, before him — is about 'learning to live.' And here lies the problem with essayists today: not that they speak of themselves, but that they do so with no effort to make their experience relevant or useful to anyone else, with no effort to extract from it any generalizable insight into the human condition."(Cristina Nehring, "What’s Wrong With the American Essay." Truthdig, Nov.
However, it’s useful to have an awareness of some of the key points of grammar, which we shall look at very briefly whilst giving you guidance on sources of further help. The verb is the word that indicates action, or doing, and the subject (noun) does the doing: For more on this topic, see the resources below; the University of Ottawa’s Writing Centre is particularly helpful.
The above sentence structure is known as ‘simple’: it contains just one basic idea, about the dog’s hunger.We shall look at the former in this article and the latter in an article How to write more clearly – style.Are you conscious when you write that your sentences are awkward and clumsy, that you sometimes have difficulty in conveying what you mean to say?To essay is to attempt, to test, to make a run at something without knowing whether you are going to succeed.The experimental association also derives from the other fountain-head of the essay, Francis Bacon, and his stress on the empirical inductive method, so useful in the development of the social sciences."(Phillip Lopate, "The Art of the Personal Essay". Essays"[W]hat finally distinguishes an essay from an article may just be the author's gumption, the extent to which personal voice, vision, and style are the prime movers and shapers, even though the authorial ' I' may be only a remote energy, nowhere visible but everywhere present."(Justin Kaplan, ed. Ticknor & Fields, 1990)"I am predisposed to the essay with knowledge to impart — but, unlike journalism, which exists primarily to present facts, the essays transcend their data, or transmute it into personal meaning.We are going to write an essay of not less than a thousand words describing to me who you think you are. Vernon, We accept the fact that we had to sacrifice a whole Saturday in detention for whatever it was we did wrong. But we think you're crazy to make us write this essay telling you who we think we are. You see us as you want to see us — in the simplest terms, in the most convenient definitions.And when I say 'essay,' I mean 'essay,' one word repeated a thousand times. You see us as a brain, an athlete, a basket case, a princess and a criminal. That's the way we saw each other at seven o'clock this morning. But what we found out is that each one of us is a brain and an athlete and a basket case, a princess, and a criminal.Indeed, a recent report on writing standards of UK students showed that many had a poor vocabulary, used phrasing and punctuation inconsistently, and were generally unable to form well constructed sentences, let alone structure an argument.In ‘Structuring written work’, we described how a good essay will develop an argument, which means ‘planning in some considerable detail how the essay will flow from one idea to the next; how different theories and arguments from different authors will be introduced; what conclusions will be reached; and how they will be supported by relevant evidence, or deductive reasoning’.However, we might want to add information, for example, that the dog was hungry because he had not been fed for three days, or that after eating he went for a walk. You can spot them because they have more than one verb.Complex and compound sentences are both sentences with more than one idea or set of information.