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Upon these immense stone blocks, lying at that depth upon a rocky foundation, there were discovered Phoenician quarrymarks.
By this watergate, on Ophel, was a broad street or square, where assemblies could be held in the immediate vicinity of the temple. Near by was the 'horsegate,' famous as the spot where Athaliah was put to death. The position of these walls is one of the disputed questions in Jerusalem topography.
In reconstructing the city as it appeared in our Lord's day the reader must remember that the third wall, which enclosed the new city, Bezetha, on the north, was built by Herod Agrippa, about a.d.
Economics and politics form the focus of the second book, with the interaction between the temple revenues, trades, crafts, and industries given significance.
Volume I ends with a chapter about the government of the city from the earliest evidence until direct Roman rule.Warren's subterranean explorations (Recovery of Jerusalem, p. As he himself suggests, it may have been built out in order to guard the fountain of the Virgin. The gate 'Miphkad ' may mark some angle of the walls connected with the division, as a special corner is here mentioned, Neh , before we reach the sheepgate again." The next important view of Jerusalem topography is that during our Lord's day, and until its destruction by the Romans, a.d. The only full description of the city near that date which has come down to us is found in Josephus.The 'water-gate' would be so called in relation to this fountain. The city was defended on the east, south, and west by a single wall; upon the north three walls were successively built, the second outside of the first, and the third outside of the second.The sepulchres of David, the 'king's pool,' Neh , and the house of the mighty were probably at the corner of Zion, over against the south-western temple-corner, where the wall crossed the Tyropceon.The 'armory' is in this neighborhood, at the very corner where the wall turns abruptly southward to encircle Ophel.The descriptions of the relationship between Jews and Greeks lead to a fuller discussion of social, theological, and political factors that are not considered in the earlier narrative.Jerusalem under Herod and the city of the New Testament receive the most substantial treatment in this volume, with the author drawing on a wide range of sources from Talmudic literature to a range of classical sources.These places we must, of course, find in the templeregion. Between the fish-gate and the sheep-gate would stand the tower of Hananeel and the tower of Meah (or the Hundred). The 'valley-gate' would correspond with the present Jaffa-gate. The 'dung-gate' (if our suppositions above are correct) would be 1000 cubits south of the Jaffa-gate, Neh -- that is, on the south-western part of Zion, over against the Birket es-Sultan (Pool of the Sultan).The 'old gate' would be found next as we follow the north wall north-westward. The 'fountain-gate' would lie on the opposite side of Zion, facing the Pool of Siloam.Even the location of Zion and Moriah has been disputed with great ability and learning.The energetic and successful explorations of the English Palestine Fund proved that remains of the ancient enclosing walls about the temple still exist, about 80 feet below the present surface.