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Many theorists and researchers have sought to answer the question, "Why does this particular man batter or sexually assault? Among them have been biologic factors such as androgenic hormonal influences; evolutionary theo- ries; intrapsychic explanations focused on mental disorder or personality traits and profiles; social learning models that highlight the socialization experiences that shape individual men to be violent; social information processing theory concerning the cognitive processes that offenders engage in before, during, and after violence; sociocultural analyses aimed at understanding the structural features of society at the level of the dyad, family, peer group, school, religion, media, and state that encourage male violence and maintain women as a vulnerable class of potential victims; and feminist explanations stressing the gendered nature of violence against women and its roots in patriarchal social systems.Recently, researchers armed with multivariate statistical analysis have tested complex models of violence with multiple factors to explain battering (Mc Kenry et al., 1995) and to model the common roots of verbal, physical, and sexual coercion toward women (Malamuth et al., 1995).Both the research on general violence and that on violence against women suggest that violence arises from interactions among individual biological and psychosocial factors and social processes (e.g., Reiss and Roth, 1993), but it is not known how much overlap there is in the development of violent behavior against women and other violent behavior.
Many types of domestic violence are used such as hitting, pushing and shoving.
In extreme cases, guns and knives are used as well as sexual assaults.
Sex differences in current human mating strategies may be explained as having been shaped by the strategies that created reproductive success among human ancestors.
A number of studies have shown that young adult males are more interested in partner variety, less interested in committed long-term relationships, and more willing to engage in impersonal sex than are young adult females (Clark and Hatfield, 1989; Symons and Ellis, 1989; Clark, 1990; Landolt et al., 1995).
Domestic violence is widespread through the United States, mostly due to fear caused by the abuser.
The problem is recognized in the United States and much is being done to correct this problem.
A vital part of understanding a social problem, and a precursor to preventing it, is an understanding of what causes it.
Research on the causes of violence against women has consisted of two lines of inquiry: examination of the characteristics that influence the behavior of offenders and consideration of whether some women have a heightened vulnerability to victimization.
The research suggests that, at least in some cases, there may be differences in the factors that cause violence against women and those that cause other violent behavior.
Much more work is needed in order to understand in what ways violence against women differs from other violent behavior.