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Pollution prevention (P2) is any practice that reduces, eliminates, or prevents pollution at its source.P2, also known as "source reduction," is the ounce-of-prevention approach to waste management.EPA implements Executive Orders and EPA P2 policies.
Reducing the amount of pollution produced means less waste to control, treat, or dispose of.
Less pollution means less hazards posed to public health and the environment. Pollution prevention approaches can be applied to all potential and actual pollution-generating activities, including those found in the energy, agriculture, federal, consumer and industrial sectors.
The Industrial Revolution brought an infusion of untreated chemicals and wastes into local streams that served as the water supply.
King Edward I of England banned the burning of sea-coal by proclamation in London in 1272, after its smoke became a problem; the fuel was so common in England that this earliest of names for it was acquired because it could be carted away from some shores by the wheelbarrow.
Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants.
Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution.
Pollution prevention approaches include: Pollution prevention reduces both financial costs (waste management and cleanup) and environmental costs (health problems and environmental damage).
Pollution prevention protects the environment by conserving and protecting natural resources while strengthening economic growth through more efficient production in industry and less need for households, businesses and communities to handle waste. Top of Page EPA promotes source reduction to eliminate or reduce pollution at its source.
Prevention practices are essential for preserving wetlands, groundwater sources and other critical ecosystems - areas in which we especially want to stop pollution before it begins.
In the energy sector, pollution prevention can reduce environmental damages from extraction, processing, transport and combustion of fuels.