Constitution, or statute, can empower a legislative body to hold their own members, the government, and government bodies to account.
This can be through holding an internal or independent inquiry.
Inquiries are usually held in response to an allegation of misconduct or corruption.
The powers, procedures and sanctions vary from country to country.
If your mind-set is that you’re at least 85% responsible for your success—and that just 15% depends on the way the wind blows—you’ll likely be successful.
If you blame your problems and failures—big or small, personal or professional—on other people, circumstances beyond your control, or just plain bad luck, you may be doomed to fail. Accountability is not just a mind-set—it’s also a skill-set that everyone can learn.
The literature connects this disposition of autonomy or dependence to its fiscal capacity.
States that are most responsive adjust to exit or voice.
Researchers at the International Budget Partnership (IBP) found that civil society organizations play an important role in achieving accountability outcomes.
The IBP case studies showed that CSOs can have an impact in a broad array of political and economic contexts.