Other countries have faced similar fluctuations in the number of bank robberies.The number of bank robberies in Figure 1 are those reported by local police to the FBIs Uniform Crime Report, not those recorded in BCS.
This guide is limited to addressing the particular harms created by bank robbery.
Related problems not directly addressed in this guide include: Each of these problems requires separate analysis.
In the Netherlands, banks comprised an average of 26 percent of commercial robberies over seven years, but the proportion varied from as little as 15 percent to as much as 33 percent in any given year (Van Koppen and Janssen, 1999). cities have comprised an increasing share of commercial robberies: nearly 12 percent of commercial robberies in smaller cities are of banks, compared to 8 percent in larger cities.
Although bank robberies track crime trends, they vary by the size of the jurisdiction. (See Figure 2.)Computed from data in the FBIs Uniform Crime Reports: Crime in the United States (1989-2004).
In addition, bank robberies can invoke fear in the community at large, as most are well-covered by the media. Because of the potential for violence, police always respond quickly to a bank robbery in progress.
And in fact, a distinctive bank robbery such as the fatal 1998 shoot-out between police and two bank robbers armed with assault weapons in Los Angeles can influence public images of crime for many years. As one police commander said, When a bank robbery goes down, all hell breaks loose in a police department.2The likelihood of catching a bank robber on or near the scene is higher than for other crimes.Finally, it reviews responses to the problem of bank robbery as identified through research and police practice.Bank robbery is but one aspect of a larger set of problems related to robbery and to financial crimes involving banks.Several are covered in other guides in this series, all of which are listed at the end of this article. A bank is a specific type of financial institution but the term is widely used to refer to all financial institutions, including banks, savings and loans, and credit unions.In the United States, the term primarily refers to financial institutions with deposits that are federally insured and that fall under the federal Bank Protection Act.Evidence suggests that urban bank robberies have been somewhat displaced in recent years; the share of bank robberies in small towns increased from 20 percent in 1996 to about 33 percent in 2002.5 Still, the majority of bank robberies are concentrated in urban areas.Although this concentration is often attributed to the fact that there are more branches in urban areas, the number of robberies is disproportionately higher than the number of branches.Despite the federal role, the primary impact of bank robbery is inherently local, as citizens and political leaders look to local police for solutions.Local police are often best positioned to advise banks about preventive strategies because of their established relationships with local bank employees.In Canada, for example, seven cities have 30 percent of all bank branches but 66 percent of all bank robberies;6 in the United Kingdom, London has 10 percent of the nations branches but 39 percent of its robberies. bank branches and a proportional 18 percent of all U. bank robberies (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2003 ); most of the states bank robberies, however, are concentrated in the Los Angeles area.The concentration is most visible at the city level. Just as bank robberies are more common in urban areas, bank robberies within a jurisdiction tend to cluster where there are more banks.