The "Grand Tour" was the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip of Europe undertaken by upper-class young European men of sufficient means and rank (typically accompanied by a chaperone, such as a family member) when they had come of age (about 21 years old).
The "Grand Tour" was the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip of Europe undertaken by upper-class young European men of sufficient means and rank (typically accompanied by a chaperone, such as a family member) when they had come of age (about 21 years old).Tags: Electronic Thesis LibraryRitsumeikan Essay ResultsDiagnostic Essay ExamplesA Level Ict Coursework HelpAll The Years Of Her Life Essay QuestionsCenter For Alcohol Policy Essay
Richard Lessels introduced the term Grand Tour in his 1670 book Voyage to Italy.
Additional guidebooks, tour guides, and the tourist industry were developed and grew to meet the needs of the 20-something male and female travellers and their tutors across the European continent.
Coins and medals, which formed more portable souvenirs and a respected gentleman's guide to ancient history were also popular.
Pompeo Batoni made a career of painting the English milordi posed with graceful ease among Roman antiquities.
The young tourists were wealthy A Tourist would not carry much money due to the risk of highway robbers so letters of credit from their London banks were presented at the major cities of the Grand Tour.
Many Tourists spent a great deal of money abroad and due to these expenditures outside of England; some English politicians were very much against the institution of the Grand Tour.The Grand Tour had more than superficial cultural importance; as socialist historian E. Thompson stated, "ruling-class control in the 18th century was located primarily in a cultural hegemony, and only secondarily in an expression of economic or physical (military) power." The legacy of the Grand Tour lives on to the modern day and is still evident in works of travel and literature.From its aristocratic origins and the permutations of sentimental and romantic travel to the age of tourism and globalization, the Grand Tour still influences the destinations tourists choose and shapes the ideas of culture and sophistication that surround the act of travel.A Grand Tour could last anywhere from several months to several years.It was commonly undertaken in the company of a Cicerone, a knowledgeable guide or tutor.For those who made their way across the Alps, Turin was the first Italian City they'd come to and some remained while others simply passed through on their way to Rome or Venice.Rome was initially the southernmost point they would travel.Visiting French and Italian royalty and British envoys was a popular pastime during the Tour.The homes of envoys were often utilised as hotels and food pantries, which annoyed the envoys, but there wasn't much they could do about such inconveniences brought on by their citizens.The New York Times in 2008 described the Grand Tour in this way: Three hundred years ago, wealthy young Englishmen began taking a post-Oxbridge trek through France and Italy in search of art, culture and the roots of Western civilization.With nearly unlimited funds, aristocratic connections and months (or years) to roam, they commissioned paintings, perfected their language skills and mingled with the upper crust of the Continent.