All citizens must possess similar political rights, they should have similar voice in the working of the government and they should have equal opportunities to actively participate in the political life and affairs of the country. “Political equality is therefore, never real unless it is accompanied with virtual economic liberty; political power otherwise is bound to be the hand-maid of economic power”.Political equality guarantees the enjoyment of similar political rights to all citizens. Universal adult suffrage has been introduced in India. According Lord Bryce, Economic Equality “is the attempt to expunge all differences in wealth’ allotting to every man and woman an equal share in worldly goods”.
Equality, after all, is a derivative value”, explains Braker.
“It is derived from the supreme value of the development of personality-in each like and equally, but each along its own different line and of its own separate motion”.
He used his position to organize public meetings throughout the Bombay Presidency, mobilized propaganda and publicity campaigns.3 In 1918, he held a vigorous campaign against the farewell party in honour of the Governor of Bombay, Lord Willingdon.
In the company of hundreds of his supporters present on the occasion, Jinnah told Willingdon to his face that the people of Bombay were not party to commemorating or approving his services as Governor.4 The efforts of Jinnah were applauded and Jinnah Memorial Hall was constructed as a tribute to him from the people of Bombay.
This can be done only in Socialism and not in Capitalism. By equality of opportunity and education we mean that all the citizens should be given equal and similar opportunities by the state.
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All the individuals should have similar chances to receive education.
If a bricklayer gets the same reward as a mathematician or a scientist, the purpose of society will be defeated.
Equality, therefore, means, first of all the absence of social privilege.
In the second place it means that adequate opportunities are laid open to all”.
Equality is a leveling process: “The ideal of equality has insisted that men are politically equal, that all citizens are equally entitled to take part in political life, to exercise the franchise, to run for and hold office.