Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002).
Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002).Where there are two authors, both names are included: (Mc Lanahan & Sandefur, 1994).Tags: Computer Training Center Business PlanApplication Acceptance LetterBusiness School 2010 EssaysThe Making Of A Story A Norton Guide To Creative Writing PdfRespect EssaysAnalyzing Interpreting Literature Clep EssayShort Email Cover Letter For ResumeSecret Life Of Bees ThesisHow To Write A Survey Paper
It includes texts you made use of, not only texts you referred to in your paper, but your own additional background reading, and any other articles you think the reader might need as background reading.
Note: There are many variations of format, even within the same discipline.
Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful.
Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.
(which literally means and others): (Almeder et al., 2001). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite.
However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone.Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ).Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of them.If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from.This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book.In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system.The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail.What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system.Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style.Browse through the back pages of different journals to get an idea.Our advice is to choose a system you like - or your teachers prefer - and use it consistently.