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In such a case, parents can also be penalized up to Rs 10,000.Thanks to hundreds of NGO’s and government schemes, whose efforts have led to a huge decline in the ratio of child labour in India for the last two decades.
Official figures indicate that there are over 1.2 crore child workers in India, but many NGO’s claims that the real number of child labour in India is up to 6 crores.
Various campaigns against child labour confirm that India has more than 1.26 crores of child labour of which Uttar Pradesh alone holds 19 Lakhs whereas Delhi follows with 10 Lakhs.
There are many other states leading in child labour in India namely Rajasthan, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
Mainly, the children are forced to work at a very low and cheap wage rate.
Child labour cannot be eliminated unless there is free, universal and compulsory primary education.
Poor parents cannot afford to send their children to school.According to reports and studies, more than 3.1 crore children contribute to India’s workforce, which makes it the highest in the world.As the law says, at daytime, the children are not allowed to work for more than 6 hours which includes a break of one hour after the interval of 3 hours whereas at night work and overtime is prohibited.Child labour is a vicious disease that targets the basic rights of children.Child labour also leads to an unskilled workforce, financial insecurity and also lowers the standards of living and poverty.“Poverty is the worst form of violence”, as said by Mahatma Gandhi.70% of the child labour ratio is from rural areas, where children did not get a primary education and to satisfy their hunger they start working under a cheap rate or no wage at all.Poverty is the main reason behind this as the child’s parents can not afford education due to poverty.In spite of having Acts, rules and regulations, child labour still is a curse and is spreading every day, every hour and every passing minute. In India, there is a parallel economy where the rich get richer and the poor become poorer.Poverty also plays an important role in the uprise of child labour in India.He is popularly known as the Father of the Nation ( India).No doubt, poverty is dreadful violence but something associated with it which makes it worse is Child Labour.