Effects of Poverty The resounding effect of poverty echoes through various layers of an India citizen’s life.
Effects of Poverty The resounding effect of poverty echoes through various layers of an India citizen’s life.Tags: Writing Research Papers A Complete Guide 13thThesis Music Influence TeenagersMy Homework Ate My HomeworkQuantitative Research ProposalBusiness Plan TipsElectronic Thesis LibraryUse Of Force Essay Conclusion
It impacts individuals in a socio-psychological way with them not being able to afford simple recreational activities and getting progressively marginalized in the society.
The term poverty is interconnected with the notion of the poverty line/ threshold that may be defined as the minimum figure of income that is required in a particular country for maintaining the socially acceptable quality of life in terms of nutritional, clothing and sheltering needs.
The problem of malnutrition is widespread in all age-groups of the country but children are most adversely affected by this.
Limited income in larger families leads to lack of access to sufficient nutritious food for their children.
Causes of Poverty in India Factors contributing to the persistent problem of poverty in the country are many and they need to be identified in order to be addressed properly. The growth of population in the country has so far exceeded the growth in economy and the gross result is that the poverty figures have remained more or less consistent.
In rural areas, size of the families is bigger and that translates into lowering the per capita income values and ultimately lowering of standard of living.As a direct consequence of inflation, effective price of food, clothing items as well as real estate rises.The salaries and wages do not rise as much in keeping up with the inflated prices of commodities leading to effective decrease of the per capita income. Faulty economic liberalization – the LPG (Liberalization-Privatization-Globalization) attempts initiated by the Indian Government in 1991 were directed towards making the economy more suited to international market-trends to invite foreign investments. Social – The various social issues plaguing the country that contributes towards poverty are:- a.Wealthy people with privileged connection are able to acquire more wealth simply by bribing government officials to maximize their profits from such schemes while the poor remain in a state of neglect for not being able to assert such connections. Individual – individual lack of efforts also contribute towards generating poverty.Some people are unwilling to work hard or even not willing to work altogether, leaving their families in the darkness of poverty.Population growth spurt also leads to generation of unemployment and that means diluting out of wages for jobs further lowering income. Economic –there are a host of economic reasons behind persistence of the poverty problems which are outlined hereunder:- a.Poor Agricultural Infrastructure –Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy.Certain castes are considered untouchables still and are not employed by upper caste, leaving very specific and low paying jobs that they can live off. Lack of education, much less higher education, is also a contributing factor towards this. Gender inequality–the weak status attached with women, deep-rooted social marginalization and long embedded perceptions of domesticity renders about 50% of the country’s population unable to work.As a result the women of the family add to the number of dependents that need to be fed instead of being able to contribute considerably in the family income which might assuage the poverty situation of the family. Corruption – despite considerable efforts from the government in the forms of various schemes to mollify the poverty situation, allegedly only 30-35% actually reaches the beneficiaries due to wide-spread practices of corruption in the country.Personal demons like drinking and gambling also leads to draining of the family income inciting poverty. Political – in India, socio-economic reform strategies has been largely directed by political interest and are implemented to serve a choice section of the society that is potentially a deciding factor in the elections.As a result, the issue is not addressed in its entirety leaving much scope of improvements. Climatic – maximum portion of India experiences a tropical climate throughout the year that is not conducive to hard manual labour leading to lowering of productivity and the wages suffer consequently.