Essays Darkness At Noon

Essays Darkness At Noon-11
And English disapproval of the Nazi outrages has also been an unreal thing, turned on and off like a tap according to political expediency.

And English disapproval of the Nazi outrages has also been an unreal thing, turned on and off like a tap according to political expediency.

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England is lacking, therefore, in what one might call concentration-camp literature.

The special world created by secret-police forces, censorship of opinion, torture and frame-up trials is, of course, known about and to some extent disapproved of, but it has made very little emotional impact.

There has been nothing resembling, for instance, FONTAMARA or DARKNESS AT NOON, because there is almost no English writer to whom it has happened to see totalitarianism from the inside.

In Europe, during the past decade and more, things have been happening to middle-class people which in England do not even happen to the working class.

Also they are all alike in being continental Europeans.

It may be an exaggeration, but it cannot be a very great one, to say that whenever a book dealing with totalitarianism appears in this country, and still seems worth reading six months after publication, it is a book translated from some foreign language.One striking fact about English literature during the present century is the extent to which it has been dominated by foreigners--for example, Conrad, Henry James, Shaw, Joyce, Yeats, Pound and Eliot.Still, if you chose to make this a matter of national prestige and examine our achievement in the various branches of literature, you would find that England made a fairly good showing until you came to what may be roughly described as political writing, or pamphleteering.Rubashov who at one time dedicated his life to the Party is now facing the irony of its pragmatism.While in prison, Rubashov learns there are other political prisoners being maintained in the cells next to him.In particular prisoner number 402 and Rubashov carry on conversations by using the "quadratic alphabet" (Darkness at Noon, p. During Rubashov's interaction with the other prisoners, Rubashov learns of how the prison system works and receives an understanding of the other prisoners' background.Rubashov spends the majority of his prison time reminiscing about his own encounter with the Party, those who he influenced and those who he betrayed.BOOK REPORT DARKNESS AT NOONDarkness at Noon by Arthur Koestler is a fiction story, which depicts the life of what appears to be a Bolshevik member during the revolutionary periods of Russia. Rubashov, a victim of Stalin's (Number One) rule of terror is imprisoned after being captured in an apartment building.Although the author doesn't name the country where the story line takes place nor does he give real names, it's pretty obvious Koestler is writing about Russia (Country of the Revolution), Stalin (Number One), Lenin (the old man with the slanting tartar eyes) and the Revolutionary period of the late 1930s. Rubashov is portrayed as a hard-core Party member who has served various years in other prisons and has learned about life through the hard knocks system.Most of the European writers I mentioned above, and scores of others like them, have been obliged to break the law in order to engage in politics at all; some of them have thrown bombs and fought in street battles, many have been in prison or the concentration camp, or fled across frontiers with false names and forged passports.One cannot imagine, say, Professor Laski indulging in activities of that kind.


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