Eurasianet Photo Essay

Eurasianet Photo Essay-35
A memorial for those who died was also erected in 2006."We can call Urkun a genocide," National Revival Party Chairman Doolot Nusupov said at a service held for the victims in August 2015, putting the death toll at 150,000 people.

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The path was slippery, almost entirely covered with snow, the slopes with ice. On the way back we could see the crevasses filling up, nearly to the top in some places, with the bodies of camels, horses, cattle that had slipped over the side, and often people were there also." An investigation into the incident by the Russian State Duma in December 1916 led by Alexander Kerensky, who later went on to lead the Mensheviks, found that "the nomads were mercilessly exterminated by tens of thousands, consistently and systematically."Prior to the incident, thousands of Kyrgyz had already started fleeing their homelands as Russian settlers continued to expand into central Asia in the late 1800s, seizing farmland from the locals.

The Russians had previously quashed rebellions led by Kyrgyz Mullah Iskhak Hazan between 18, as well as another revolt in Andijan under the leadership of Naqshbandi Sufi Sheikh Dukchi Ishan.

A century ago today, Tsar Nicholas II issued a decree to draft farmers, herders and nomads in central Asia into the Russian army to fight on the front in eastern Europe.

The conscription order came at a time that was vital for the indigenous people of the region to attend to their crops and livestock to support their families.

Today, the Bedel Pass leading to the Chinese border is littered with the bones of at least 100,000 people who died while making the fateful journey in August 1916.

Some scholars say that as many as 250,000 may have died.

Second, the Kyrgyz rebels killed more than 3,000 Russian settlers, which makes some scholars (both Kyrgyz and Russian) insist that it was an act of mutual aggression rather than a genocide of the Kyrgyz.

Of course, the number of the Kyrgyz victims is much higher."Speaking to Eurasia Net, the director of the International and Comparative Politics Department at the American University of Central Asia in Bishkek, Medet Tiulegenov, said Atambayev only promoted the commemoration "because if he does not, others will make it their own."There have been growing calls in Kyrgyzstan, particularly among the nationalist minority, for an official apology from Russia.

As a result, a rebellion broke out, with local lords in two regions, Kemin and Kochkor, proclaiming independent khanates.

Around 4,000 ethnic Russians living in the region were killed in the wave of violence. Petersburg to send an army of Cossacks to suppress the uprising.

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