Parents are assisted by the school staff through workshops, seminars and parent education courses or through suggestions from teachers for home learning activities. Primarily, research and materials related to practice included in this review have been conducted or developed after 1980.Materials that were developed prior to 1980 have been included if they were used as a foundation for later research or program development.The conceptualization of parent and community involvement programs in Chapter 3 of this review involves the roles of parents and families (well established in research and practice), and community members (emerging as an important field of study) as they are facilitated in schools and school districts.
Parents are assisted by the school staff through workshops, seminars and parent education courses or through suggestions from teachers for home learning activities. Primarily, research and materials related to practice included in this review have been conducted or developed after 1980.Materials that were developed prior to 1980 have been included if they were used as a foundation for later research or program development.Tags: Words To Use When Ending An EssayEssay Rules Book TitlesEssay Writing TermsMedical Application EssaysHomework Log SheetYour Goals EssayReason For Mba EssayPersuasive Essay On Gun Control
an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed.
While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.
These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006).
Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review.
The conceptual framework proposed for this study indicated three areas of interest: the context of parent and community involvement programs; the roles that parents, families, and community members assume in the education of their children; and the effects of promising programs on parents, students, school staff, schools, and school districts. What key resources are needed to design, develop, implement, and sustain these roles?
Example Review Of Related Literature Space Exploration Disadvantages Essay
This framework guided the review of the literature: How are these roles facilitated? Chapters 2, 3, and 4 contain a detailed discussion of parent and community involvement programs and practices.This summary review of the literature synthesizes the current state-of-the-art in parent and community involvement; looks at the programs, practices, and their effects in the research and practice literature, especially since 1980; and ends with implications, conclusions and recommendations for research.The literature on middle grade (i.e., Grades 4 through 8) parent and community involvement programs and practices is highlighted throughout this review since activities in the middle grades are less well-developed and understood than those for earlier grades.To provide clarity, we define the three areas as: Districtwide programs.The emphasis of comprehensive district programs is on the variety of roles for parents and community members, particularly in schools with many educationally at-risk students.In the area of parent and community involvement, three areas were identified for concentrated study: l) districtwide programs, 2) school restructuring, and 3) adult-child learning experiences (home learning).This study focused on parent and community involvement in middle grades education including these three broad areas outlined in the original Request for Proposals.The initial literature review of the current state-of-the-art served two primary purposes: To assist researchers in the refinement of the plan for further research and as part of Studies of Education Reform: Parent and Community Involvement in Education, this review -- in combination with information gained through commissioned papers and a national conference -- provided the basis for fieldwork.To inform practitioners, policymakers, and other interested parties of the current state-of-the-art in parent and community involvement programs (where available, the review focuses on middle grade populations).Items from other grades were included to provide an indication of the rich sources of information on parent and community involvement programs, and to illustrate the need for further research in the middle grades.Focus on the roles of parents, families, and community members as facilitated in the areas of home learning, school restructuring, or districtwide programs.