It is also easier to explain norms regarding children's education and more difficult to explain norms about equality in marriages.
male education, both as pertaining to child and adult education outcomes.
Perhaps the strongest result is that Bangladeshi women are more likely to espouse attitudes of gender equality in education for their children and less so about gender equality among spouses.
Prominent features include depictions of reproductive-aged women in overtly revealing clothing and generalized concerns about the sexualization of young girls (2).
Ample evidence shows that Western culture is becoming more sexualized (3, 4), but disagreement surrounds the extent to which this trend reflects male or female interests (1, 5, 6).
Using a recent household survey for two cohorts of married women, this paper examines norms about gender equality in education for children and adults.
Among the main findings are that gender education gap norms have changed: younger generations of women are more positive about female vs.
We then investigated the association between sexy-selfie prevalence and income inequality, positing that sexualization—a marker of high female competition—is greater in environments in which incomes are unequal and people are preoccupied with relative social standing.
Among 5,567 US cities and 1,622 US counties, areas with relatively more sexy selfies were more economically unequal but not more gender oppressive.
Few empirical tests of the relation between gender inequality and sexualization exist, and there are even fewer tests of alternative hypotheses.
We examined aggregate patterns in 68,562 sexualized self-portrait photographs (“sexy selfies”) shared publicly on Twitter and Instagram and their association with city-, county-, and cross-national indicators of gender inequality.