Rather than giving up on homework because of social inequities, schools could help parents support homework in ways that don’t depend on their own knowledge—for example, by recruiting others to help, as some low-income demographic groups have been able to do.
Rather than giving up on homework because of social inequities, schools could help parents support homework in ways that don’t depend on their own knowledge—for example, by recruiting others to help, as some low-income demographic groups have been able to do.Tags: Good Thesis Statement Hills Like White ElephantsAdd Appendix EssaysNorthwestern Essay 2013Homework Help GeometryCreate A Thesis OutlineIf Poem By Rudyard Kipling Essay
For example, there’s something called “retrieval practice,” which means trying to recall information you’ve already learned.
The optimal time to engage in retrieval practice is not immediately after you’ve acquired information but after you’ve forgotten it a bit—like, perhaps, after school.
These are things that schools of education and teacher-prep programs typically don’t teach.
So it’s quite possible that much of the homework teachers assign just isn’t particularly effective for many students.
And while one study found that parental help with homework generally doesn’t boost students’ achievement—and can even have a negative effect— another concluded that economically disadvantaged students whose parents help with homework improve their performance significantly.
That seems to run counter to another frequent objection to homework, which is that it privileges kids who are already advantaged.One possible explanation for the general lack of a boost from homework is that few teachers know about this research.And most have gotten little training in how and why to assign homework.One study found that lower-income ninth-graders “consistently described receiving minimal homework—perhaps one or two worksheets or textbook pages, the occasional project, and 30 minutes of reading per night.” And if they didn’t complete assignments, there were few consequences.I discovered this myself when trying to tutor students in writing at a high-poverty high school.Good homework assignments might have helped a student learn a lot about, say, Ancient Egypt.But if the reading passages on a test cover topics like life in the Arctic or the habits of the dormouse, that student’s test score may well not reflect what she’s learned.The research relied on by those who oppose homework has actually found it has a modest positive effect at the middle and high school levels—just not in elementary school.But for the most part, the studies haven’t looked at whether it matters what kind of homework is assigned or whether there are different effects for different demographic student groups.Those arguments have merit, but why homework boost academic achievement?The research cited by educators just doesn’t seem to make sense.