Josephus (In this palace he erected very high walks, supported by stone pillars; and by planting what was called a pensile paradise, and replenishing it with all sorts of trees, he rendered the prospect an exact resemblance of a mountainous country.
This he did to gratify his queen, because she had been brought up in Media, and was fond of a mountainous situation.60–30 BC) seems to have consulted the 4th century BC texts of both Cleitarchus (a historian of Alexander the Great) and Ctesias of Cnidus.
There was a tradition of Assyrian royal garden building.
King Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 BC) had created a canal, which cut through the mountains. Also mentioned were pines, cypresses and junipers; almond trees, date trees, ebony, rosewood, olive, oak, tamarisk, walnut, terebinth, ash, fir, pomegranate, pear, quince, fig, and grapes.