Hanging Gardens Of Babylon Research Paper

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Josephus (In this palace he erected very high walks, supported by stone pillars; and by planting what was called a pensile paradise, and replenishing it with all sorts of trees, he rendered the prospect an exact resemblance of a mountainous country.

This he did to gratify his queen, because she had been brought up in Media, and was fond of a mountainous situation.60–30 BC) seems to have consulted the 4th century BC texts of both Cleitarchus (a historian of Alexander the Great) and Ctesias of Cnidus.

There was a tradition of Assyrian royal garden building.

King Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 BC) had created a canal, which cut through the mountains. Also mentioned were pines, cypresses and junipers; almond trees, date trees, ebony, rosewood, olive, oak, tamarisk, walnut, terebinth, ash, fir, pomegranate, pear, quince, fig, and grapes.

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The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as listed by Hellenic culture, described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks, and said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq.He attributes the building of the gardens to a Syrian king, again for the reason that his queen missed her homeland.The account of Strabo ( He states that the gardens were watered by means of an Archimedes' screw leading to the gardens from the Euphrates river. Philo praises the engineering and ingenuity of building vast areas of deep soil, which had a tremendous mass, so far above the natural grade of the surrounding land, as well as the irrigation techniques.By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.Parts of the palace were excavated by Austin Henry Layard in the mid-19th century.His citadel plan shows contours which would be consistent with Sennacherib's garden, but its position has not been confirmed.One proposal is that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were actually constructed by the Assyrian king Sennacherib (reigned 704 – 681 BC) for his palace at Nineveh.Stephanie Dalley posits that during the intervening centuries the two sites became confused, and the extensive gardens at Sennacherib's palace were attributed to Nebuchadnezzar II's Babylon.The garden was tiered, with the uppermost gallery being 50 cubits high. The bases of the tiered sections were sufficiently deep to provide root growth for the largest trees, and the gardens were irrigated from the nearby Euphrates.He states that the gardens were located on top of a citadel, which was 20 stadia in circumference.

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