He returned to Vienna again when his mother died, living first with a more successful friend (Kubizek) and then moving from hostel to hostel as a lonely, vagabond figure.
He recovered to make a living selling his art cheaply as a resident in a community "Men's Home." During this period, Hitler appears to have developed the worldview that would characterize his whole life, and which centered on hatred for Jews and Marxists.
Hitler was arrested in1924 and used his trial to spread his name and his ideas widely.
He was sentenced to just five years in prison, a sentence often described as a sign of tacit agreement with his views.
He rose from being a talentless painter to the dictator of Germany and, for a few months, emperor of much of Europe.
His empire was crushed by an array of the world's strongest nations; he killed himself before he could be tried and brought to justice.
He proved to be an able and brave soldier as a dispatch runner, winning the Iron Cross on two occasions (First and Second Class).
He was also wounded twice, and four weeks before the war ended he suffered a gas attack that temporarily blinded and hospitalized him.
He gave the party the Swastika as a symbol and organized a personal army of "storm troopers" (the SA or Brownshirts) and bodyguards of black-shirted men, the Schutzstaffel (SS), to attack opponents.
He also discovered, and used, his powerful ability for public speaking.