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They arrested their leaders and banned their political meetings.Then, in the midst of the election campaign, on February 27, 1933, the Reichstag building burned.
Rather, they were the victims of Germany’s deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution” ().
After its defeat in World War I, Germany was humiliated by the Versailles Treaty, which reduced its prewar territory, drastically reduced its armed forces, demanded the recognition of its guilt for the war, and stipulated it pay reparations to the allied powers.
Dachau’s purpose changed over time and eventually became another brutal concentration camp for Jews.
By the end of 1934 Hitler was in absolute control of Germany, and his campaign against the Jews in full swing.
The Nazi Party had taken advantage of the political unrest in Germany to gain an electoral foothold.
The Nazis incited clashes with the communists and conducted a vicious propaganda campaign against its political opponents – the weak Weimar government and the Jews whom the Nazis blamed for Germany’s ills.With this police infrastructure in place, opponents of the Nazis were terrorized, beaten, or sent to one of the concentration camps the Germans built to incarcerate them.Dachau, just outside of Munich, was the first such camp built for political prisoners.Hitler began to restrict the Jews with legislation and terror, which entailed burning books written by Jews, removing Jews from their professions and public schools, confiscating their businesses and property and excluding them from public events.The most infamous of the anti-Jewish legislation were the Nuremberg Laws, enacted on September 15, 1935.Even if they obtained the necessary documents, they often had to wait months or years before leaving.Many families out of desperation sent their children first.Soon after he became chancellor, Hitler called for new elections in an effort to get full control of the Reichstag, the German parliament, for the Nazis.The Nazis used the government apparatus to terrorize the other parties.The Nazis claimed the Jews corrupted pure German culture with their “foreign” and “mongrel” influence.They portrayed the Jews as evil and cowardly, and Germans as hardworking, courageous, and honest.