The basic question that is being asked is this: Do we really need homework?
Numerous studies have shown that homework that is assigned, marked, and handed back (such as a worksheet on long division) is effective in increasing knowledge of a subject matter. Funnily enough, different studies have shown that homework does not necessarily increase a student's knowledge base, and is not an effective learning and teaching tool. As you can see, there are a lot of varying views on the necessity and even helpfulness of homework, especially for children, pre-teens, and early adolescents.
In fact, too much homework can do more harm than good.
Researchers have cited drawbacks, including boredom and burnout toward academic material, less time for family and extracurricular activities, lack of sleep and increased stress.
What you should take away from the information above is that not all homework is created equal; ideally, every learning experience you engage in should be meaningful and include components that cater to various learning styles.
In his book , Kohn points out that no study has ever found a correlation between homework and academic achievement in elementary school, and there is little reason to believe that homework is necessary in high school.
"Little kids and big kids need unstructured time for play each day," she says.
Certainly, time for physical activity is important for kids' health and well-being.
"At all grade levels, doing other things after school can have positive effects," Cooper says.
"To the extent that homework denies access to other leisure and community activities, it's not serving the child's best interest." Children of all ages need down time in order to thrive, says Denise Pope, Ph D, a professor of education at Stanford University and a co-founder of Challenge Success, a program that partners with secondary schools to implement policies that improve students' academic engagement and well-being.