Human Evolution Research Paper

The human species shares a common genetic code with all other life on this planet, and many of our basic traits are a heritage from the long evolutionary history that took place before the human lineage branched off from the apes around 6 million years ago.Yet we also have our own set of uniquely human adaptations.

Good Natured: The Evolution of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals In this book, a primatologist makes a case that the moral sentiments we identify as human are evolutionary products which also exist in apes and other large-brained mammals. Hosted by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Giving Sherry a Hand: Tools and the Evolution of the Human Hand This article, intended for advanced students of evolution, describes new techniques for identifying features that distinguish living and fossil hands.

By Alison Jolly [Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999].

Origins Reconsidered: In Search of What Makes Us Human This book is Richard Leakey's personal account of his career in paleoanthropology.

The Sixth Extinction: Patterns of Life and the Future of Humankind In this book, the authors describe the history of human evolution and project how human behavior will impact life on this planet.

By Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin [New York: Doubleday, 1996].Liza Shapiro: Primate Locomotion In this interview filmed for Evolution: "Great Transformations," Dr.Shapiro discusses her research on primate locomotion and its relationship to human evolution and interpreting the fossil record.An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy This book is an excellent combination of anthropology and anatomy, featuring illustrations by Joanna Cameron. Machiavellian Intelligence II: Extensions and Evaluations Building upon Machiavellian Intelligence: Social Expertise and the Evolution of Intellect in Monkeys, Apes, and Humans, this book suggests that the evolutionary roots of higher intelligence are linked to a dynamic social environment. Byrne and Andrew Whiten [Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1988]. The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates This book is a photographic field guide containing exhaustive identification, habitat, distribution, and conservation status data for 234 species of primates. Science Hotline: Mary Marzke This Scientific American Frontiers site offers a question-and-answer session with anthropologist Dr. In this article, Pat Shipman describes research indicating that early hominids in South Africa used bone tools to collect termites, a rich source of protein and fat.By Lesle Aiello and Christopher Dean [London: Academic Press, 1990]. de Waal [Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996]. Written for advanced students and researchers, this text provides clearly annotated illustrations and photographs to help readers accurately identify human skeletal remains. Primate Societies This book provides a comprehensive treatment with wide focus on the evolution, sociobiology, group life, and communication and intelligence in primate societies. Mary Marzke, whose research suggests that prehistoric tool use and tool making were important factors in the evolution of our distinctively human hand and upright posture. Lemonick, originally published in Time on May 3, 1999, describes the discovery of Australopithecus garhi and associated evidence for use of tools use to obtain meat. The evidence comes from wear patterns on tools found at sites dating from more than 1.1 million years ago.The site also offers the latest news and debates in paleoanthropology, as well as a comprehensive resource and Web guide. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews This review journal is an excellent source of articles synthesizing the current understanding of a range of topics relevant to human evolution. Human Evolution: An Illustrated Introduction, 4th ed.The site allows users to browse the table of contents for issues from 1996-2001 online at no cost. Institute of Human Origins The Institute of Human Origins, a non-profit, multidisciplinary research organization affiliated with Arizona State University, is dedicated to the recovery and analysis of the fossil evidence for human evolution. This comprehensive and highly accessible textbook offers, among many things, a full treatment of modern evolutionary theory and extensive coverage of recent advances in molecular and morphological systematics.The Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute (CHCI) The Institute cares for a unique family of five chimpanzees who have acquired the signs of American Sign Language (ASL) and use those signs in conversations with each other and with their human companions. The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International Dedicated to the conservation and protection of gorillas and their habitat in Africa, the DFGFI is committed to promoting continued research on gorillas' threatened ecosystems and education about their relevance to the world in which we live. The Fossil Trail: How We Know What We Think We Know About Human Evolution In this book, the head of the anthropology department at the American Museum of Natural History reviews the study of human evolution and examines how fossil discoveries have been interpreted -- and misinterpreted -- over time. Earliest Evidence of Animal Butchery, New Species of Human Ancestor, Found in Ethiopia's Afar Desert This site presents a good outline of the discovery of Australopithecus garhi and its significance. Pass the Termites, Please This brief article discusses the nutitional value of termites -- and evidence that early hominids used special bone tools to collect them.Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center Library Audiovisual Archive This site contains a large collection of images, slide shows, and a bibliography of "primates in films." Hosted by the University of Wisconsin. By Ian Tattersall [New York: Oxford University Press, 1995]. Hosted by the Biological Research Information Center of Korea.The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution This collection of essays by more than 70 scholars covers a wide range of topics, from genetics to brain function and behavior to the increasing convergence of the fossil and genetic evidence for human evolution.By Steve Jones, Robert Martin, and David Pilbeam [New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996].

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