Inductive Vs Deductive Reasoning Essay

This type of strategy to testing a hypothesis is deductive reasoning; it is a top down approach to reasoning, where one starts with a general case and deduces specific instances, which is also known as generalizing.Deductive reasoning involves making conclusions based on previously known facts.Hypotheses are also generated by taking specific instances or experiences and creating a general principle based on inductive reasoning.

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Valid deductions are best produced by experts in a particular subject or field of study.

For example, a biologist versus a undergraduate biology student would most likely make better deductions about a crystal’s color in relation to its structure, because the expert is more knowledgeable in that field and can make more valid deductions to test a generalization.

A new acquired knowledge or hypothesis may arise that all Southern California sharks attack people. Or if we flip it — one could deduct from the generalized fact that if all apples are fruit and all fruits grow on trees, then all apples grow on trees. How do we go about testing or generating hypotheses about different topics?

On a scientific level, knowledge and hypotheses are forever being generated or tested.

Both inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning can result in a skewed hypothesis due to the inability to test every variable.

However, after continuous testing and research hypotheses can be scientifically proven.Using a scenically-induced hypothesis like such, gravity as the cause is able to be tested.Deductive reasoning is based on a more objective scientific reasoning.This unique creative, out-the-box thinking is also very effective in generating a valid hypothesis.Inducing broader knowledge based on set of obervations or experience can be very valuable because it allows us to form ideas about groups of things in real life or scientifically leads to a more careful study of a particular subject.If the color of a mineral is determined by its crystal structure, then all purple minerals should have the same crystal structure.However, with the power of observation, it is known that a purple amethyst has a hexagonal structure and purple fluorite has an isometric structure.By observing crystals that do not fit this hypothesis, it can be deducted that this hypothesis (“the color of a mineral is determined by its crystal structure”) is not supported based on the known facts of the other crystals’ shapes in relation to their color.Making deductions is the key component when a cause cannot be directly observed, and only consequences can be observed.Knowledge is constantly being produced, based on assumptions or reasoning.One might see a story in the news of a shark in Southern California that attacks a surfer.


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