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Your main focus should be on the 'why' of a particular issue, or on the 'how' with the aim of clarifying reasons, causes and effects.You are being tested on your capacity to think critically, to exercise perception and discernment. 1979, Essay Method and English Expression, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Group, Sydney.These are the words that tell you what your essay should do.
Most, if not all, can be thought of as a subclass of so-called “citation” verbs (see 76. Those marked * could require either description or analysis: they sometimes require merely repeating what a book or lecturer has said, sometimes working out the answer independently.*account for, define, demonstrate, describe, elaborate, explain, express, give an account of, *identify, illustrate, indicate, list, name, outline, portray, *review, show, specify, summarise, survey, trace.
Instruction Words " data-medium-file="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/animals.png? w=300" data-large-file="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/animals.png? w=660" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-2754" src="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/animals.png? w=660&h=144" alt="animals" width="660" height="144" srcset="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/animals.png? w=660&h=144 660w, https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/animals.png? w=150&h=33 150w, https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/animals.png? w=300&h=65 300w, https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/710w" sizes="(max-width: 660px) 100vw, 660px" /is probably the most common of all the words.
Other posts within this blog that are particularly relevant to essay-writing are 24. Question (a) above does not allow different correct answers – only a single process is implied to exist – whereas (b) allows a range from “not important at all” to “essential”.
The “correct” answer could be anywhere within this range – and it can vary from student to student. With this in mind, the reader might like to try identifying the analytic essays required by the following: The questions requiring analysis here are (d), (e) and (g).
Words of this kind are mostly verbs in the “imperative” form (see 128.
Instruction Words In Essay Questions
Imperative Verbs in Formal Writing), instructing the writer to do such things as Essay instruction verbs are quite numerous and varied. in (b), though also requiring facts such as the advantages and disadvantages of wind turbines, requires in addition some thought about these in order to reach a personal opinion about a quantity of importance.It is important to know what is expected of you when you encounter words such as “analyze” or “discuss” on an exam.Valuable points can be earned or lost, depending on your understanding of instructional words shown here.It usually calls for the kind of argument where opposing lists of points are presented and compared in order to facilitate an overall judgement (see 168. It is quite often placed at the end of a question, like this: This essay would require manufacturing and agriculture to be separately analysed for the likely benefits and problems that expanding each would bring to Africa, and then would have to use these in judging the truth of the statement in the question.Alternative answers would range from “the statement is true” to “the statement is false”, with such intermediates as “mainly true” and “partly true”.As a result, they present a vocabulary-learning challenge to students whose mother tongue is not English. In other words, it requires argumentation (see 167. This difference leads essays like (a) to be called “descriptive”, those like (b) “analytic”.In addition, these words sometimes differ from each other in very subtle ways, with the result that nearly all students suffer some uncertainties about them. Analytic essays are very commonly required in higher education.Essay Instruction " data-medium-file="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/exam.png? w=293" data-large-file="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/exam.png? w=293" class="alignnone size-full wp-image-2752" src="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/exam.png? w=660" alt="Exam" srcset="https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/293w, https://guinlist.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/exam.png? w=150 150w" sizes="(max-width: 293px) 100vw, 293px" /Most essays written by students are responses to an essay question set by a tutor.Essay questions usually contain one (sometimes more than one) instruction word specifying exactly what has to be done with the subject matter of the essay.Printable version of the list of instructional words Express your judgements regarding the correctness or merit of the factors being considered.Discuss both strong and weak points and give the results of your own analysis.