Inter State Water Disputes Essay

Inter State Water Disputes Essay-23
The Inchampalli Project too was started as a joint venture between Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh.When Chhattisgarh was carved out, it took over the project from Madhya Pradesh.

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A second tribunal was constituted in 2004 under Brajesh Kumar, and it gave its verdict in 2010.

Accordingly, Maharashtra was to receive 666 tmcft of water, Karnataka 911 tmcft, and Andhra Pradesh 1001 tmcft.

In 2013, the final order was issued where Andhra Pradesh would get 811 tmcft with the freedom to use 227.5 tmcft of surplus water.

Karnataka got an additional allocation of 105 tmcft and Maharashtra would receive 35 tmcft of assured additional allocation.

The tribunal suggested the setting up of the Krishna Basin Authority to protect the basin, especially after large-scale exploitation of groundwater was detected.

Unhappy with the verdict, Andhra Pradesh sought a re-examination.

Andhra Pradesh moved the Supreme Court against the tribunal's decision.

In the meantime, Telangana was carved out of Andhra Pradesh and it became the fourth riparian State.

However, the dispute can be considered settled only when the Cauvery Management Board comes into effect and the three States and the Union Territory amicably share the water among themselves even during stressful times such as a drought.

The Cauvery dispute is just one among several inter-state river disputes in India.


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