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The power of the Church of England over the king and the Parliament was tremendous.
Neander gives his palm to the violation of the three unities because it leads to the variety in the English plays.
Dryden thus argues against the neo-classical critics.
Crites opposes rhyme in plays and argues that though the moderns excel in sciences, the ancient age was the true age of poetry.
Lisideius defends the French playwrights and attacks the English tendency to mix genres.
He also finds subplots as an integral part to enrich a play.
He finds single action in French dramas to be rather inadequate since it so often has a narrowing and cramping effect.An Essay on Dramatic Poesy is written in the form of a dialogue among four gentlemen: Eugenius, Crites, Lisideius and Neander. Eugenius favours modern English dramatists by attacking the classical playwrights, who did not themselves always observe the unity of place.But Crites defends the ancients and points out that they invited the principles of dramatic art paved by Aristotle and Horace.Although some of the statements made in the preface were later qualified in response to Dryden’s encounters with other classical authors, the themes and issues articulated in this text can be said to form the basis of Dryden’s reflection on translation, and to establish the main tenets of Augustan translation discourse.However, although the significance of the preface to It remains that I should say somewhat of Poetical Translations in general, and give my Opinion (with submission to better Judgments) which way of Version seems to me most proper.Also called the Restoration Period, this was an era of change in political and social as well as in literary fields.In politics the period saw the reign of three rulers, two dynasties and a revolution.In 1685, the Duke of Monmouth, an illegitimate son of Charles II gathered a group of people in support of him and rose in rebellion against the king. Monmouth was defeated in the battle of Sedgemoor and was executed.The people of West Country who supported him were sentenced to death or transportation as slaves to Barbados by James' Lord Chief Justice, Jeffreys.He issued orders to repeal the penal laws against his favoured faction.He also tried to suspend the laws disapproving to him.