First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.
Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies.
Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.
Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.
Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field.
In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.This guide is created to help students in the research methods class to identify reputable sources for conducting literature review, compiling annotated bibliographies, writing research proposals and so on.This guide is designed to help you find scholarly articles for your communication research project.It will guide you through different parts of the project such as the literature review and the annotated bibliography.You will learn how to recognize a scholarly article, how to construct an efficient search, how to search the best library databases for your topic, how to find scholarly materials on the web, how to find research measures, and finally, how to cite your sources properly in APA format.A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader.In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work.The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.g., educational reform; immigration control], argumentative approaches to analyzing the literature can be a legitimate and important form of discourse.However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below].Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated.