Literature Review On Domestic Violence

Physiological Factors Research on domestic violence has focused on several areas which are believed to play a role in explaining abusive behavior. (2010) describes a study that calculated physiology factors on a person’s predisposition to aggression in intimate relationships.The first area discussed is a predisposition to increased heart response to slight agitation. The study looked at physiological reactivity, which is defined as changes to a person’s body brought about by a stimulus.

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The last nationally conducted survey found that an estimated 16 percent of married Americans experienced domestic violence within the previous year.

That means that approximately 8.7 million couples have been affected by domestic violence (Hines, Saudino 2002).

There continues to be debate within the research literature, and among practitioners and other members of the violence prevention community, about using official crime statistics versus random surveys as tools for determining the incidence and prevalence of family violence. There is general agreement that family violence is an underreported crime.

There continues to be a lack of information nationally and cross–nationally regarding the likely number of unreported incidents, as well as the extent and trajectory of family violence.

The term family violence encompasses child abuse and neglect, spousal violence (intimate partner violence), and elder abuse.

Literature Review On Domestic Violence

Throughout this document the term family violence is intended to be inclusive of all forms of abuse in the family and the term spousal violence signifies abuse within the context of an intimate adult relationship.

This distinction is important because not all conflict can be deemed violence, but conversely, violence should not be euphemized as conflict.

Family violence continues to negatively impact the healthy development of children and families across the country.

However, Canada has been a forerunner in collecting these data through methods other than crime surveys.

Statistics Canada has completed several comprehensive telephone surveys on the topic of family violence (Statistics Canada 2001; 2004a, 2005).


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