The Atharva Veda specifically details the fact that fevers were particularly common after excessive rains (mahavarsha) or when there was a great deal of grass cover (mujavanta). the sage Dhanvantari wrote, “Their bite is as painful as that of the serpents, and causes diseases…The ancient Hindus were also aware of the mosquito’s harmful potential. [The wound] as if burnt with caustic or fire, is red, yellow, white, and pink color, accompanied by fever, pain of limbs, hair standing on end, pains, vomiting, diarrhea, thirst, heat, giddiness, yawning, shivering, hiccups, burning sensation, intense cold…” Charaka Samhita, one of the ancient Indian texts on Ayurvedic medicine which was written in approximately 300 BC, and the Susruta Samhita, written about 100 BC, refer to diseases where fever is the main symptom.
One of the oldest scripts, written several thousand years ago in cuneiform script on clay tablets, attributes malaria to Nergal, the Babylonian god of destruction and pestilence, pictured as a double-winged, mosquito-like insect.
A few centuries later, the natives told Philistines settling in Canaan, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, of the god Beelzebub, lord of the insects.
This article reviews the epidemiology, pathology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of malaria in pregnant women.
Interventions to prevent malaria include intermittent preventive treatment, insecticide-treated nets, and case management of malaria infection and anemia.
The Charaka Samhita classifies the fevers into five different categories, namely continuous fevers (samatah), remittent fevers (satatah), quotidian fevers (anyedyuskah), tertian fevers (trtiyakah) and quartan fevers (caturthakah) and Susruta Samhita even associated fevers with the bites of the insects.
Malaria appeared in the writings of the Greeks from around 500 BC.” Later, Caliban is terrified by the appearance of Stephano, who, mistaking his trembling and apparent delirium for an attack of malaria, tries to cure the symptoms with alcohol: “…(he) hath got, as I take it, an ague . He shall taste of my bottle: if he have never drunk wine afore it will go near to remove his fit… Pregnant women are more likely than nonpregnant women to become infected with malaria and to have severe infection.entions of malaria can be found in the ancient Roman, Chinese, Indian and Egyptian manuscripts and later in numerous Shakespearean plays.The belief that mosquitoes transmit disease also is an ancient one.But he believed that malaria was due to a disorder in the four humors of the body.According to him, tertian fever was the result of an imbalance of yellow bile; quartan was caused by too much black bile, and quotidian by an excess of phlegm and a blood abnormality was the cause of continuous fever.The evil reputation of this deity increased through the ages until the early Jews named him “Prince of the Devils.” The connection between malaria and swamps was known even in antiquity and the evil spirits or malaria gods were believed to live within the marshes.This belief is likely the origin of the Greek fable of Hercules and Hydra. Sumerian and Egyptian texts dating from 3,500 to 4,000 years ago refer to fevers and splenomegaly, suggestive of malaria.Powerpoint summary of a literature review on malaria BCC resources from September 2012.Insufficient qualified resources were identified, hence the powerpoint was developed in lieu of a written document.